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India: After a year of peasant revolt, Prime Minister Modi backs down!

N° 20 janvier 2022 In our Weekly N ° 702 of February 6, 2021, we underlined the reasons which push a large part of the poor and middle peasantry in India into a long struggle

against the decisions of the Modi government to liberalize the agricultural commodity market to the detriment of producers and in favor of the capitalist agri-food monopolies (1). Since then and despite a violent repression that left several hundred dead this struggle has not stopped. Faced with the determination of the demonstrators, Prime Minister Modi decided on November 19 to repeal his reform, declaring: "We will begin the constitutional process to repeal these three laws during the parliamentary cession which begins at the end of the month." Even if the government’s reversal two years from general elections whose verdict is feared is not without ulterior motives, it is an indisputable victory for the Indian peasant movement supported by large sections of the population.
In a November 19 statement, the Political Bureau of the Indian Communist Party (Marxist) [CPI (M)] issued the following statement: “The Polit Bureau of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) salutes the historic victory of the year-long spirited, inspiring and courageous struggle by the kisans (farmers) under the leadership of the Samyukta Kisan Morcha. (2)
An obdurate PM and his government were forced to bend. Yet Modi continues to justify these black laws blaming a section of farmers being misled. There is no remorse expressed at the deaths of our farmers or the attacks against them. The CPI(M) reiterates that the parliament while repealing these black laws enact the legal right to sell at MSP for all agricultural crops. (3) More than 750 farmers have been martyred in this struggle. They faced hostility from the BJP Bharatiya Janata Party (4) administration with military type roadblocks, threats, intimidation and murderous physical attacks. Strict action must be taken against all such people who have indulged in these activities. The PB of the CPI(M) hails the determination of our farmers and endorses the SKM’s approach that they shall wait to see the materialization of these assurances before returning to their villages.”
For our part, we have supported the struggle of the Indian peasants and we rejoice in the success they have achieved, which shows that the united and sustained struggle has made a government in the service of employers and the rural bourgeoisie bend.

(2) SKM: mass peasant organization
(3) The state and central government buy certain food grains from farmers at a guaranteed price, also called the minimum support price (MSP) for a central pool of food grains. This central pool is then used by the Food Corporation of India (FCI) public distribution system to distribute essential food grains across the country.
(4) Bharatiya Janata Party or BJP: The Indian People's Party is a party that profess Hinduism, it is characterized by a nationalist policy in the service of the big Indian capitalist monopolies.